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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2013

Feeding truncated heat shock protein 70s protect Artemia franciscana against virulent Vibrio campbellii challenge

Baruah, Kartik; Norouzitallab, Parisa; Li Shihao; Sorgeloos, Patrick; Bossier, Peter


The 70 kDa heat shock proteins (Hsp70s) are highly conserved in evolution, leading to striking similarities in structure and composition between eukaryotic Hsp70s and their homologs in prokaryotes. The eukaryotic Hsp70 like the DnaK (Escherichia coli equivalent Hsp70) protein, consist of three functionally distinct domains: an N-terminal 44-kDa ATPase portion, an 18-kDa peptide-binding domain and a C-terminal 10-kDa fragment. Previously, the amino acid sequence of eukaryotic (the brine shrimp Anemia franciscana) Hsp70 and DnaK proteins were shown to share a high degree of homology, particularly in the peptide-binding domain (59.6%, the putative innate immunity-activating portion) compared to the N-terminal ATPase (48.8%) and the C-terminal lid domains (19.4%). Next to this remarkable conservation, these proteins have been shown to generate protective immunity in Artemia against pathogenic Vibrio campbellii. This study, aimed to unravel the Vibrio-protective domain of Hsp70s in vivo, demonstrated that gnotobiotically cultured Artemia fed with recombinant C-terminal fragment (containing the conserved peptide binding domain) of Artemia Hsp70 or DnaK protein were well protected against subsequent Vibrio challenge. In addition, the prophenoloxidase (proPO) system, at both mRNA and protein activity levels, was also markedly induced by these truncated proteins, suggesting epitope(s) responsible for priming the proPO system and presumably other immune-related genes, consequently boosting Anemia survival upon challenge with V. campbellii, might be located within this conserved region of the peptide binding domain. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Truncated heat shock protein 70; Phenoloxidase; Priming; Artemia franciscana; Vibrio campbellii

Published in

Fish and Shellfish Immunology
2013, Volume: 34, number: 1, pages: 183-191

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Fish and Aquacultural Science

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