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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2007

Interactions of dietary microbial phytase, citric acid and crude protein level on mineral utilization by rohu, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), juveniles

Baruah, Kartik; Sahu, Narottam P.; Pal, Asim K.; Debnath, Dipesh; Yengkokpam, Sona; Mukherjee, Subhas C.


A 2 x 2 x 2 factorial experiment was designed to study the effect of microbial phytase (MP), citric acid (CA), and crude protein (CP) and their interactions on mineral utilization by rohu, Labeo rohita, juveniles. Two basal diets containing 25% (subnormal) or 35% (normal) CP were supplemented with MP (units, U/kg) and CA (%) at 0, 0; 500, 0; 0, 3; and 500, 3, respectively and fed to 125 juveniles (average initial weight: 13.16 g/fish). MP did not affect fecal ash content but CA (3%) addition activated MP. Apparent absorption of Zn, its content in whole body and plasma, was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in CA- and MP-fed groups. Interaction between CA and MP was found for increased absorption of Na, P, K, Mn, Mg, Fe, and N, their concentrations in whole body and plasma. Cu and Ca absorption, and their concentration in body and plasma were increased as a result of addition of CA, MP, or their interaction. Thus, bioavailability of major minerals was highest in groups fed diets containing 500-U MP and 3% CA. This improvement was more prominent in subnormal CP diet. Growth performance was also highest in this group. Thus, CA and MP at 25% CP diet had synergistic effect on mineral bioavailability in L. rohita.

Published in

Journal of the World Aquaculture Society
2007, Volume: 38, number: 2, pages: 238-249

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Fish and Aquacultural Science

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