Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)

Research article2019Peer reviewedOpen access

Conducting groundwater monitoring studies in Europe for pesticide active substances and their metabolites in the context of Regulation (EC) 1107/2009

Gimsing, Anne Louise; Koenig, Wolfram; Kreuger, Jenny; van der Linden, Ton; Liss, Dirk; Loiseau, Ludovic; Massey, Andy; Miles, Benedict; Monrozies, Laurent; Newcombe, Andy; Poot, Anton; Agert, Jutta; Reeves, Graham L.; Reichenberger, Stefan; Rosenbom, Annette E.; Staudenmaier, Horst; Sur, Robin; Schwen, Andreas; Stemmer, Michael; Tueting, Wiebke;
Show more authors


Groundwater monitoring is recommended as a higher-tier option in the regulatory groundwater assessment of crop protection products in the European Union. However, to date little guidance has been provided on the study designs. The SETAC EMAG-Pest GW group (a mixture of regulatory, academic, and industry scientists) was created in 2015 to establish scientific recommendations for conducting such studies. This report provides recommendations for study designs and study procedures made by the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Environmental Monitoring Advisory Group on Pesticides (EMAG-Pest). Because of the need to assess the vulnerability to leaching in both site selection and extrapolating study results, information on assessing vulnerability to leaching is also a major topic in this report. The design of groundwater monitoring studies must consider to which groundwater the groundwater quality standard is applicable and the associated spatial and temporal aspects of its application, the objective of the study, the properties of the active substance and its metabolites, and site characteristics. This limits the applicability of standardised study designs. The effect of the choice of groundwater to which the water quality guideline is applied on study design is illustrated and examples of actual study designs are presented.


Groundwater; Monitoring; Pesticides; Vulnerability assessments

Published in

Journal of consumer protection and food safety
2019, Volume: 14, number: Vol. 14 Suppl. 1, pages: 1-93
Publisher: Springer Nature

    Associated SLU-program

    Non-toxic environment
    SLU Plant Protection Network

    Sustainable Development Goals

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
    Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

    Publication identifier


    Permanent link to this page (URI)