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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2019

Taxonomic Distribution of Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases (CYPs) among the Budding Yeasts (Sub-Phylum Saccharomycotina)

Linder, Tomas


Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (CYPs) are ubiquitous throughout the tree of life and play diverse roles in metabolism including the synthesis of secondary metabolites as well as the degradation of recalcitrant organic substrates. The genomes of budding yeasts (phylum Ascomycota, sub-phylum Saccharomycotina) typically contain fewer families of CYPs than filamentous fungi. There are currently five CYP families among budding yeasts with known function while at least another six CYP families with unknown function ("orphan CYPs") have been described. The current study surveyed the genomes of 372 species of budding yeasts for CYP-encoding genes in order to determine the taxonomic distribution of individual CYP families across the sub-phylum as well as to identify novel CYP families. Families CYP51 and CYP61 (represented by the ergosterol biosynthetic genes ERG11 and ERG5, respectively) were essentially ubiquitous among the budding yeasts while families CYP52 (alkane/fatty acid hydroxylases), CYP56 (N-formyl-l-tyrosine oxidase) displayed several instances of gene loss at the genus or family level. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that the three orphan families CYP5217, CYP5223 and CYP5252 diverged from a common ancestor gene following the origin of the budding yeast sub-phylum. The genomic survey also identified eight CYP families that had not previously been reported in budding yeasts.


CYPome; enzyme; metabolism; orphan gene; yeast

Published in

2019, Volume: 7, number: 8, article number: 247

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Bioinformatics and Systems Biology

    Publication Identifiers


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