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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2019

Impacts of Increasing Bioenergy Production on Timber Harvest and Carbon Emissions

Guo, Jinggang; Gong, Peichen; Brannlund, Runar


Using a partial equilibrium model of the Swedish forest sector, this study analyzes the impacts of an increasing bioenergy production on the timber harvest and forest growing stock. The impacts on the carbon balance of forests are also examined. The results suggest that, when compared with the base scenario, in which the current use pattern of forests continues, increased bioenergy production will lead to a 10-14 million m(3)(Mm(3)) increase in the total harvest, depending on the extraction rate of forest residues. Increasing the use of forest residues will reduce the harvest and leave more room for accumulation of the forest stock in the early years, while the stock accumulation will be partially offset by the increased timber harvest in the long run. Increasing bioenergy production will have a negative impact on the carbon balance primarily due to a net loss of carbon stored in forests. Overall, the joint contribution of forest-based mitigation is significant, equivalent to or higher than 65% of the country's annual GHG emissions. To achieve an ambitious bioenergy target in the long run, a fraction of pulpwood will be consumed as fuelwood that will inevitably intensify the competition between the two timber products, though increasing the use of forest residues could slightly reduce the competition in the short run.


Carbon balance; bioenergy; carbon sequestration; energy substitution

Published in

Journal of Forest Economics
2019, volume: 34, number: 3-4, pages: 311-335

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Economics
Brannlund, Runar
Umea University
Guo, Jinggang
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Economics

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG7 Affordable and clean energy

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers


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