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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2019

Light and Microbial Lifestyle: The Impact of Light Quality on Plant-Microbe Interactions in Horticultural Production Systems-A Review

Alsanius, Beatrix W.; Karlsson, Maria; Rosberg, Anna Karin; Dorais, Martine; Naznin, Most Tahera; Khalil, Sammar; Bergstrand, Karl-Johan

Abstract

Horticultural greenhouse production in circumpolar regions (>60 degrees N latitude), but also at lower latitudes, is dependent on artificial assimilation lighting to improve plant performance and the profitability of ornamental crops, and to secure production of greenhouse vegetables and berries all year round. In order to reduce energy consumption and energy costs, alternative technologies for lighting have been introduced, including light-emitting diodes (LED). This technology is also well-established within urban farming, especially plant factories. Different light technologies influence biotic and abiotic conditions in the plant environment. This review focuses on the impact of light quality on plant-microbe interactions, especially non-phototrophic organisms. Bacterial and fungal pathogens, biocontrol agents, and the phyllobiome are considered. Relevant molecular mechanisms regulating light-quality-related processes in bacteria are described and knowledge gaps are discussed with reference to ecological theories.

Keywords

abiotic factors; biocontrol agent (BCA); controlled environment; ecological theory; greenhouse; molecular mechanisms; non-phototrophic bacteria; pathogens; phyllosphere; plant metabolism; plant morphology

Published in

Horticulturae
2019, Volume: 5, number: 2, article number: 41