- Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Mogodiniyai Kasmaei, Kamyar; Sundh, John
Feruloyl esterases (FAEs) can reduce the recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass to enzymatic hydrolysis, thereby enhancing biorefinery potentials or animal feeding values of the biomass. In addition, ferulic acid, a product of FAE activity, has applications in pharmaceutical and food/beverage industries. It is therefore of great interest to identify new FAEs to enhance understanding about this enzyme family. For this purpose, we used whole-genome shotgun metagenomics and genome binning to explore rumens of dairy cows, large intestines of horses, sediments of freshwater and forest topsoils to identify novel prokaryotic FAEs and trace the responsible microorganisms. A number of prokaryotic genomes were recovered of which, genomes of Clostridiales order and Candidatus Rhabdochlamydia genus showed FAE coding capacities. In total, five sequences were deemed as putative FAE. The BLASTP search against non-redundant protein database of NCBI indicated that these putative FAEs represented novel sequences within this enzyme family. The phylogenetic analysis showed that at least three putative sequences shared evolutionary lineage with FAEs of type A and thus could possess specific activities similar to this type of FAEs, something that is not previously found outside fungal kingdom. We nominate Candidatus Rhabdochlamydia genus as a novel FAE producing taxonomic unit.
biorefinery; de novo assembly; lignocellulosic biomass; phylogenetic analysis; sequence motif; taxonomic classification
Frontiers in Microbiology
2019, Volume: 10, article number: 2673
Publisher: FRONTIERS MEDIA SA