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Research article2019Peer reviewedOpen access

Viromics Reveal a Number of Novel RNA Viruses in Swedish Mosquitoes

Ohlund, Pontus; Hayer, Juliette; Lunden, Hanna; Hesson, Jenny C.; Blomstrom, Anne-Lie


Metagenomic studies of mosquitoes have revealed that their virome is far more diverse and includes many more viruses than just the pathogenic arboviruses vectored by mosquitoes. In this study, the virome of 953 female mosquitoes collected in the summer of 2017, representing six mosquito species from two geographic locations in Mid-Eastern Sweden, were characterized. In addition, the near-complete genome of nine RNA viruses were characterized and phylogenetically analysed. These viruses showed association to the viral orders Bunyavirales, Picornavirales, Articulavirales, and Tymovirales, and to the realm Ribovira. Hence, through this study, we expand the knowledge of the virome composition of different mosquito species in Sweden. In addition, by providing viral reference genomes from wider geographic regions and different mosquito species, future in silico recognition and assembly of viral genomes in metagenomic datasets will be facilitated.


insect-specific virus; metagenomics; virome; mosquitoes

Published in

2019, Volume: 11, number: 11, article number: 1027
Publisher: MDPI