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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2019

FragSAD: A database of diversity and species abundance distributions from habitat fragments

Chase, Jonathan M.; Liebergesell, Mario; Sagouis, Alban; May, Felix; Blowes, Shane A.; Berg, Ake; Bernard, Enrico; Brosi, Berry J.; Cadotte, Marc W.; Cayuela, Luis; Chiarello, Adriano G.; Cosson, Jean-Francois; Cresswell, Will; Dami, Filibus Danjuma; Dauber, Jens; Dickman, Chris R.; Didham, Raphael K.; Edwards, David P.; Farneda, Fabio Z.; Gavish, Yoni;
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Abstract

Habitat destruction is the single greatest anthropogenic threat to biodiversity. Decades of research on this issue have led to the accumulation of hundreds of data sets comparing species assemblages in larger, intact, habitats to smaller, more fragmented, habitats. Despite this, little synthesis or consensus has been achieved, primarily because of non-standardized sampling methodology and analyses of notoriously scale-dependent response variables (i.e., species richness). To be able to compare and contrast the results of habitat fragmentation on species' assemblages, it is necessary to have the underlying data on species abundances and sampling intensity, so that standardization can be achieved. To accomplish this, we systematically searched the literature for studies where abundances of species in assemblages (of any taxa) were sampled from many habitat patches that varied in size. From these, we extracted data from several studies, and contacted authors of studies where appropriate data were collected but not published, giving us 117 studies that compared species assemblages among habitat fragments that varied in area. Less than one-half (41) of studies came from tropical forests of Central and South America, but there were many studies from temperate forests and grasslands from all continents except Antarctica. Fifty-four of the studies were on invertebrates (mostly insects), but there were several studies on plants (15), birds (16), mammals (19), and reptiles and amphibians (13). We also collected qualitative information on the length of time since fragmentation. With data on total and relative abundances (and identities) of species, sampling effort, and affiliated meta-data about the study sites, these data can be used to more definitively test hypotheses about the role of habitat fragmentation in altering patterns of biodiversity. There are no copyright restrictions. Please cite this data paper and the associated Dryad data set if the data are used in publications.

Keywords

disturbance; habitat fragmentation; habitat loss; species abundance distribution; species-area relationship; species richness

Published in

Ecology
2019, volume: 100, number: 12, article number: e02861

Authors' information

Chase, Jonathan M.
Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg
Liebergesell, Mario
German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv
Sagouis, Alban
German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv
May, Felix
Leuphana University Luneburg
Blowes, Shane A.
No organisation
Berg, Åke
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Swedish Biodiversity Centre
Bernard, Enrico
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
Brosi, Berry J.
Emory University
Cadotte, Marc W.
University of Toronto
Cayuela, Luis
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
Chiarello, Adriano G.
Universidade de Sao Paulo
Cosson, Jean-Francois
Agence Nationale de Securite Sanitaire de lAlimentation, de lEnvironnement du Travail (ANSES)
Cresswell, Will
University of St Andrews
Dami, Filibus Danjuma
University of Jos
Dauber, Jens
Johann Heinrich von Thunen Institute
Dickman, Chris R.
University of Sydney
Didham, Raphael K.
University of Western Australia
Edwards, David P.
University of Sheffield
Farneda, Fabio Z.
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Gavish, Yoni
University of Leeds
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Associated SLU-program

SLUsystematic

UKÄ Subject classification

Ecology

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2861

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/103473