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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Rural aquaculture: Assessment of its contribution to household income and farmers' perception in selected districts, Tanzania

Mulokozi, Deogratias Pius; Mmanda, Francis Pius; Onyango, Paul; Lundh, Torbjorn; Tamatamah, Rashid; Berg, Hakan


Rural fish farming is being promoted as a good source of protein and income diversification to fight poverty and inequality. However, its actual contribution to these rural households and local community at large is little known. Through interviews with 89 farmers' and 6 key informants, we examined the contribution of rural fish farming to local farmers' household income and investigate farmers' perceptions, opportunities, and constraints towards fish farming in six districts of Tanzania. Results indicated that fish farming contributed on average 13% to household incomes and that it explained 5% of the variation of the household income while 84% of the variation was due to non-fish sources. The majority (79%) of the farmers wanted to continue with fish farming, 9% planned to quit, and 12% had not decided whether to continue or not. Conclusively, much higher aquaculture contribution towards rural development could be obtained if appropriate measures are taken.


Fish income; household income contribution; income diversification; perception; rural fish farming; Tanzania

Published in

Aquaculture Economics and Management
2020, Volume: 24, number: 4, pages: 387-405

      SLU Authors

    • Sustainable Development Goals

      SDG2 Zero hunger
      SDG1 No poverty
      SDG10 Reduced inequalities

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Fish and Aquacultural Science
      Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries

      Publication Identifiers


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