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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Rural aquaculture: Assessment of its contribution to household income and farmers' perception in selected districts, Tanzania

Mulokozi, Deogratias Pius; Mmanda, Francis Pius; Onyango, Paul; Lundh, Torbjorn; Tamatamah, Rashid; Berg, Hakan


Rural fish farming is being promoted as a good source of protein and income diversification to fight poverty and inequality. However, its actual contribution to these rural households and local community at large is little known. Through interviews with 89 farmers' and 6 key informants, we examined the contribution of rural fish farming to local farmers' household income and investigate farmers' perceptions, opportunities, and constraints towards fish farming in six districts of Tanzania. Results indicated that fish farming contributed on average 13% to household incomes and that it explained 5% of the variation of the household income while 84% of the variation was due to non-fish sources. The majority (79%) of the farmers wanted to continue with fish farming, 9% planned to quit, and 12% had not decided whether to continue or not. Conclusively, much higher aquaculture contribution towards rural development could be obtained if appropriate measures are taken.


Fish income; household income contribution; income diversification; perception; rural fish farming; Tanzania

Published in

Aquaculture Economics and Management
2020, volume: 24, number: 4, pages: 387-405

Authors' information

Mulokozi, Deogratias Pius
Univ Dar Es Salaam
Mulokozi, Deogratias Pius
Tanzania Fisheries Res Inst
Mulokozi, Deogratias Pius
Stockholm Univ
Pius Mmanda, Francis
University of Dar es Salaam
Pius Mmanda, Francis
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition and Management
Onyango, Paul
Univ Dar Es Salaam
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition and Management
Tamatamah, Rashid
University of Dar es Salaam
Berg, Håkan
Stockholm University

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger
SDG1 End poverty in all its forms everywhere
SDG10 Reduce inequality within and among countries

UKÄ Subject classification

Fish and Aquacultural Science
Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries

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