Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)

Research article2019Peer reviewedOpen access

Increased Prediction Ability in Norway Spruce Trials Using a Marker X Environment Interaction and Non-Additive Genomic Selection Model

Chen, Zhi-Qiang; Baison, John; Pan, Jin; Westin, Johan; Gil, Maria Rosario Garcia; Wu, Harry X.


A genomic selection study of growth and wood quality traits is reported based on control-pollinated Norway spruce families established in 2 Northern Swedish trials at 2 locations using exome capture as a genotyping platform. Nonadditive effects including dominance and first-order epistatic interactions (including additive-by-additive, dominance-by-dominance, and additive-by-dominance) and marker-by-environment interaction (MxE) effects were dissected in genomic and phenotypic selection models. Genomic selection models partitioned additive and nonadditive genetic variances more precisely than pedigree-based models. In addition, predictive ability in GS was substantially increased by including dominance and slightly increased by including MxE effects when these effects are significant. For velocity, response to genomic selection per year increased up to 78.9/80.8%, 86.9/82.9%, and 91.3/88.2% compared with response to phenotypic selection per year when genomic selection was based on 1) main marker effects (M), 2) M + MxE effects (A), and 3) A + dominance effects (AD) for sites 1 and 2, respectively. This indicates that including MxE and dominance effects not only improves genetic parameter estimates but also when they are significant may improve the genetic gain. For tree height, Pilodyn, and modulus of elasticity (MOE), response to genomic selection per year improved up to 68.9%, 91.3%, and 92.6% compared with response to phenotypic selection per year, respectively.


dominance; epistasis; exome capture; Picea abies (L.) Karst

Published in

Journal of Heredity
2019, Volume: 110, number: 7, pages: 830-843