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Research article2006Peer reviewed

Successful timing of ovulation using deslorelin (Ovuplant (R)) is labour-saving in mares aimed for single AI with frozen semen

Hernberg E, Lundeheim N, Einarsson S


To minimize the number of matings/inseminations, controlled ovulation has been practised since a long time ago. A potent short-term implant, releasing the GnRFI analogue deslorelin (Ovuplanto) has been used in Australia and North America for several years for hastening the ovulation time in mares, but the product is not registered on the European market. This study was aimed to investigate: (1) ovulation time in mares implanted with Ovuplant when the largest follicle was 42 mm or more in size, (2) repeatability of ovulation time in successive oestruses when treated with Ovuplant, (3) pregnancy rate after single insemination with frozen-thawed semen near ovulation. This study included 11 mares, and altogether 17 timed ovulations. Follicular growth and ovulation were determined by palpation per rectum and by ultrasonography in the morning (at 7:00 hours) every second day until observation of a follicle of at least 42 mm in diameter. Then the mares were re-examined in the afternoon (at 19:00 hours), and an Ovuplant was inserted in the mucosa of the vulva. For detection of ovulation, the mares were palpated and ultrasounded repeatedly from 36-42 h after the insert. The mares were inseminated with frozen-thawed semen once at ovulation. All mares ovulated at 36-48 h after treatment and 94% at 38-42 h after treatment. The six mares that were treated at two oestruses ovulated at 39.9 and 39.7 h, respectively. Five of 11 mares (45.4%), inseminated with frozen-thawed semen at the first oestrous cycle were pregnant day 14-16 after ovulation. Using this protocol, there is no need of palpation/ultrasonography during night hours, and examination at 36 and 41 h after implantation might be enough for estimation of ovulation time

Published in

Reproduction in Domestic Animals
2006, Volume: 41, number: 6, pages: 535-537