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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2019

Peri-Urban Land Governance in Developing Countries: Understanding the Role, Interaction and Power Relation Among Actors in Tanzania

Nuhu, Said


Peri-urban land governance in Tanzania and other developing countries is shaped by divergent or complimentary roles of actors emanating from their authority, power and interest which create a complex relationship affecting land governance process. This paper is built on a call for more research on governance and urban land use by scholars. The focus of this paper is to identify governance gaps arising from the roles of different actors, interaction and power relations. The paper is based on the critical review of published and unpublished literature, as well as government reports. Overlapping and complementary roles influenced by varying power relations and interests among actors is revealed. This is witnessed in the Ministry of Lands and Local Government Authorities (LGAs) and between the private sector and land occupiers. The former is associated with the ministry’s reluctance to share power with LGAs, perpetuated by conflicting laws and regulations, while the latter is attributed to economic power of investors versus the vulnerable groups. Recognising the implication of the participation of various actors is not only critical in improving the interactions and harmony among actors, but also enacting appropriate legal and institutional frameworks to regularise both formal and informal actors in order to improve peri-urban land governance henceforth. © 2018, The Author(s).


Land; Role; Power relation; Actors; Governance; Peri-urban

Published in

Urban Forum
2019, Volume: 30, number: 1, pages: 1-16

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG11 Sustainable cities and communities

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Human Geography
    Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)

    Publication Identifiers


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