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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Arctic terrestrial biodiversity status and trends: A synopsis of science supporting the CBMP State of Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report

Taylor, Jason J.; Lawler, James P.; Aronsson, Mora; Barry, Tom; Bjorkman, Anne D.; Christensen, Tom; Coulson, Stephen J.; Cuyler, Christine; Ehrich, Dorothee; Falk, Knud; Franke, Alastair; Fuglei, Eva; Gillespie, Mark A.; Heidmarsson, Starri; Hoye, Toke; Jenkins, Liza K.; Ravolainen, Virve; Smith, Paul A.; Wasowicz, Pawel; Schmidt, Niels Martin


This review provides a synopsis of the main findings of individual papers in the special issue Terrestrial Biodiversity in a Rapidly Changing Arctic. The special issue was developed to inform the State of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report developed by the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), Arctic Council working group. Salient points about the status and trends of Arctic biodiversity and biodiversity monitoring are organized by taxonomic groups: (1) vegetation, (2) invertebrates, (3) mammals, and (4) birds. This is followed by a discussion about commonalities across the collection of papers, for example, that heterogeneity was a predominant pattern of change particularly when assessing global trends for Arctic terrestrial biodiversity. Finally, the need for a comprehensive, integrated, ecosystem-based monitoring program, coupled with targeted research projects deciphering causal patterns, is discussed.


Arctic; Biodiversity monitoring; CAFF; CBMP; Focal ecosystem components; Status and trends

Published in

AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
2020, Volume: 49, number: 3, pages: 833-847
Publisher: SPRINGER