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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

ACVIM consensus statement guidelines for the classification, diagnosis, and management of cardiomyopathies in cats

Fuentes, Virginia Luis; Abbott, Jonathan; Chetboul, Valerie; Cote, Etienne; Fox, Philip R.; Haggstrom, Jens; Kittleson, Mark D.; Schober, Karsten; Stern, Joshua A.


Cardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of myocardial disorders of mostly unknown etiology, and they occur commonly in cats. In some cats, they are well-tolerated and are associated with normal life expectancy, but in other cats they can result in congestive heart failure, arterial thromboembolism or sudden death. Cardiomyopathy classification in cats can be challenging, and in this consensus statement we outline a classification system based on cardiac structure and function (phenotype). We also introduce a staging system for cardiomyopathy that includes subdivision of cats with subclinical cardiomyopathy into those at low risk of life-threatening complications and those at higher risk. Based on the available literature, we offer recommendations for the approach to diagnosis and staging of cardiomyopathies, as well as for management at each stage.


arrhythmogenic; cardiovascular; congestive heart failure; consensus statement; echocardiography; feline; heart; hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; restrictive cardiomyopathy; review; treatment

Published in

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
2020, volume: 34, number: 3, pages: 1062-1077
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Fuentes, Virginia Luis
Royal Vet Coll
Abbott, Jonathan
Univ Tennessee
Chetboul, Valerie
Univ Paris Est
Cote, Etienne
Univ Prince Edward Isl
Fox, Philip R.
Anim Med Ctr
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences
Kittleson, Mark D.
Univ Calif Davis
Schober, Karsten
Ohio State Univ
Stern, Joshua A.
Univ Calif Davis

UKÄ Subject classification

Clinical Science

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