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Research article2003Peer reviewedOpen access

Reproduction of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in pigs experimentally inoculated with a Swedish porcine circovirus 2 isolate

Allan G, McNeilly F, Meehan B, McNair I, Ellis J, Krakowka S, Fossum C, Wattrang E, Wallgren P, Adair B

Abstract

In recent years, porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)-associated postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) has been reported worldwide. However, to date, PMWS has not been reported in Sweden despite the demonstration of serum antibodies to a PCV2-like virus in Swedish pigs. This communication reports the experimental reproduction of clinical PMWS after inoculation of colostrum-deprived (CD) pigs, derived from a Northern Ireland herd, with an isolate of PCV2 virus recovered from a clinically normal Swedish pig that was necropsied in 1993. The clinical disease and histological lesions observed in CD pigs inoculated with this virus were indistinguishable from those observed in previous studies on CD pigs inoculated with a PCV2 virus isolate recovered from pigs with PMWS. These results highlight the disease potential of PCV2 isolated from regions apparently free of PMWS and suggest that the status of the host and its environment is an important factor in the development of clinical PMWS

Published in

Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
2003, Volume: 15, number: 6, pages: 553-560 Publisher: AMER ASSOC VETERINARY LABORATORY DIAGNOSTICIANS INC

      SLU Authors

    • Wattrang, Eva

      • Department of Molecular Biosciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Fossum, Caroline

        • Department of Molecular Biosciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

      Publication identifier

      DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/104063870301500607

      Permanent link to this page (URI)

      https://res.slu.se/id/publ/1054