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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Economic Effects of Climate Change-Induced Loss of Agricultural Production by 2050: A Case Study of Pakistan

Khan, Muhammad Aamir; Tahir, Alishba; Khurshid, Nabila; ul Husnain, Muhammad Iftikhar; Ahmed, Mukhtar; Boughanmi, Houcine

Abstract

This research combined global climate, crop and economic models to examine the economic impact of climate change-induced loss of agricultural productivity in Pakistan. Previous studies conducted systematic model inter-comparisons, but results varied widely due to differences in model approaches, research scenarios and input data. This paper extends that analysis in the case of Pakistan by taking yield decline output of the Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) for CERES-Wheat, CERES-Rice and Agricultural Production Systems Simulator (APSIM) crop models as an input in the global economic model to evaluate the economic effects of climate change-induced loss of crop production by 2050. Results showed that climate change-induced loss of wheat and rice crop production by 2050 is 19.5 billion dollars on Pakistan's Real Gross Domestic Product coupled with an increase in commodity prices followed by a notable decrease in domestic private consumption. However, the decline in the crops' production not only affects the economic agents involved in the agriculture sector of the country, but it also has a multiplier effect on industrial and business sectors. A huge rise in commodity prices will create a great challenge for the livelihood of the whole country, especially for urban households. It is recommended that the government should have a sound agricultural policy that can play a role in influencing its ability to adapt successfully to climate change as adaption is necessary for high production and net returns of the farm output.

Keywords

climate change; global climate models; economic models; agriculture production; computable general equilibrium; Pakistan

Published in

Sustainability
2020, volume: 12, number: 3, article number: 1216
Publisher: MDPI

Authors' information

Khan, Muhammad Aamir
COMSATS Univ
Tahir, Alishba
COMSATS Univ
Khurshid, Nabila
COMSATS Univ
ul Husnain, Muhammad Iftikhar
COMSATS Univ
Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden
Boughanmi, Houcine
Sultan Qaboos Univ

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger
SDG8 Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031216

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/105429