- Unit for Field-based Forest Research, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Fredriksson, Maria; Wadso, Lars; Johansson, Peter; Ulvcrona, Thomas
In order to perform service life predictions of rain exposed wood structures, the moisture and temperature conditions in the structure need to be known as well as which degradation that occurs under those exposure conditions. The microclimate (the moisture conditions at the surface) is the boundary condition for moisture transport into the wood and depends on the detail design; joints between two pieces of wood can act as a water trap which give long durations of surface moisture after rain events and hinders drying. This study presents moisture content and microclimate measurements in three types of Norway spruce joints exposed to artificial rain in the laboratory. Both themicroclimate (the duration of water on surfaces and in gaps) and the moisture content profiles were monitored. The microclimate was changed by changing the size of the gap between the two boards. The duration of water in the gap depended both on the gap size and on the permeability of the wood (sapwood/heartwood, end grain surface/side grain surface). In many cases, a larger gap width gave shorter durations of high moisture contents since a larger gap gave more favourable drying conditions, but the magnitude of this reduction varied between joint types.
durability; detail design; surface moisture; moisture content; heartwood; growth ring width
Wood Material Science and Engineering
2016, Volume: 11, number: 4, pages: 189-200
Publisher: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD