Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)

Research article2020Peer reviewedOpen access

Income and food Engel curves in Rwanda: a household microdata analysis

Nsabimana, Aimable; Swain, Ranjula Bali; Surry, Yves; Ngabitsinze, Jean Chrysostome


Food insecurity and malnutrition are still major challenges for large proportions of households in Sub-Saharan Africa. The empirical literature on food demand, however, suggests mixed evidence on the roles of income and other socio-economic attributes on food demand. This study analyzes the food demand among households in Rwanda, based on nationally representative household expenditures and demographic (EICV4, 2013/14) survey data. The results show that poor households consume merely food containing higher carbohydrates and starches.Further, the study finds that the majority of rural households spend almost nothing on micronutrients from animal products, suggesting that effective targeted food policy interventions for poor and rural households may play an important role inreducing the incidence of malnutrition through improving food diets.


Food Engel curve; Household food demand; Rwanda; Sub-Sahara Africa; O55; D12; O18; Q18

Published in

Agricultural and Food Economics
2020, Volume: 8, number: 1, article number: 11

      Sustainable Development Goals

      SDG2 Zero hunger

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

      Publication identifier


      Permanent link to this page (URI)