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Research article2020Peer reviewedOpen access

Tissue Culture and Refreshment Techniques for Improvement of Transformation in Local Tetraploid and Diploid Potato with Late Blight Resistance as an Example

Wang, Eu Sheng; Kieu Phuong, Nam; Lenman, Marit; Andreasson, Erik


Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is among the best producers of edible biomass in terms of yield per hectare and a variety of different regional cultivars are used as a staple commodity in many countries. However, this crop is attacked by several diseases, with the worst being the late blight disease caused byPhytophthora infestans. Stacking of resistance (R) genes from wildSolanumrelatives are interesting prospects for the sustainable control of late blight. Therefore, we optimized methods for the efficient generation and screening of R-gene-containing transformants in tetraploid and diploid hybrid potato genotypes. Using these methods, a high transformation efficiency was achieved for the transformation of tetraploid and diploid potato lines with a triple resistance (3R) gene construct. Transformation efficiencies were improved by optimizing several factors affecting regeneration, including the quality of the starting plant material, and the composition of the plant growth regulators used during selective regeneration. A refreshment protocol was designed to alleviate in vitro related stress in stock plants, which significantly improved the growth vigor and resulted in a 4- to 10-fold increase in transformation efficiency. Furthermore, long-term exposure to exogenous Indole-3-butyric acid that is usually used for the initiation of roots in vitro, was found to cause aberrant morphological phenotypes in potato.


resistance genes; Agrobacterium transformation; recalcitrant; Phytophthora infestans; refreshment protocol

Published in

2020, Volume: 9, number: 6, article number: 695