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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2006

Stable transformation of mature zygotic embryos and regeneration of transgenic plants of Chir pine (Pinus roxburghii)

Parasharami Varsha, Naik V, von Arnold Sara, Nadgauda Rajani, Clapham David


A particle inflow gun was used to transfer the plasmid pAHC25 containing the bar gene conferring resistance to glufosinate and the gusA reporter gene, each driven by the maize ubiquitin promoter, to mature embryos of Pinus roxburghii (chir pine). High levels of transient expression were obtained when embryos were cultured for 6 days on 10 mu M benzyl adenine-containing medium and then exposed to high osmoticum (0.5 M sucrose) before and after bombardment. Selection on medium containing Basta enabled recovery of stably transformed shoots, both from the epicotyl and from adventitious buds. The primary transformed shoots from the epicotyl were multiplied via axillary shoots. Transformation was confirmed by histochemical staining for beta-glucuronidase (GUS) activity, by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of fragments of gusA and nos terminator, and by the resistance of needles to Basta.

Published in

Plant Cell Reports
2006, Volume: 24, number: 12, pages: 708-714