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Report, 2020

Stated benefits from urban afforestation in an arid city: a contingent valuation in Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico

Muñoz-Pizza, Dalia M.; Villada-Canela, Mariana; Rivera-Castañeda, Patricia; Reyna-Carranza, Marco A.; Osornio-Vargas, Alvaro; Martinez Cruz, Adan


The pervasiveness of particulate matter in arid cities has yet to be discussed and tackled. Given that urban trees have been documented to provide air-filtering and dry deposition services, this study documents the stated benefits from an urban afforestation scenario in Mexicali –an arid city located northwest Mexico at the US-Mexico border. Our doublebounded dichotomous contingent valuation protocol yields an estimated average annual willingness to pay (WTP) of USD 88 per household. Variations in the WTP are associated with perception of air quality and presence of respiratory symptoms in the respondent’s household. The smallest WTP (USD 75) is reported by respondents perceiving poor air quality in their neighborhood and with no household members affected by respiratory symptoms. In contrast, respondents perceiving good air quality and with at least one household member facing respiratory symptoms reported a WTP of USD 99. The average stated benefits represent around 0.8% of the annual household income.


air quality; PM10; urban afforestation; contingent valuation; arid cities; Mexicali.

Published in

CERE Working Paper
2020, number: 2020:7
Publisher: Department of Economics, Umeå University

Authors' information

Muñoz-Pizza, Dalia M.
Autonomous University of Baja California
Villada-Canela, Mariana
Autonomous University of Baja California
Rivera-Castañeda, Patricia
El Colegio de la Frontera Norte
Reyna-Carranza, Marco A.
Autonomous University of Baja California
Osornio-Vargas, Alvaro
University of Alberta
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Economics
Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economicas A.C. (CIDE)

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG11 Sustainable cities and communities

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