Efficient delipidation of a recombinant lung surfactant lipopeptide analogue by liquid-gel chromatographyBasabe-Burgos, Oihana; Ahlstrom, Jakub Zebialowicz; Mikolka, Pavol; Landreh, Michael; Johansson, Jan; Curstedt, Tore; Rising, Anna;
Pulmonary surfactant preparations extracted from natural sources have been used to treat millions of newborn babies with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and can possibly also be used to treat other lung diseases. Due to costly production and limited supply of animal-derived surfactants, synthetic alternatives are attractive. The water insolubility and aggregation-prone nature of the proteins present in animal-derived surfactant preparations have complicated development of artificial surfactant. A non-aggregating analog of lung surfactant protein C, SP-C33Leu is used in synthetic surfactant and we recently described an efficient method to produce rSP-C33Leu in bacteria. Here rSP-C33Leu obtained by salt precipitation of bacterial extracts was purified by two-step liquid gel chromatography and analyzed using mass spectrometry and RP-HPLC, showing that it is void of modifications and adducts. Premature New Zealand White rabbit fetuses instilled with 200mg/kg of 2% of rSP-C33Leu in phospholipids and ventilated with a positive end expiratory pressure showed increased tidal volumes and lung gas volumes compared to animals treated with phospholipids only. This shows that rSP-C33Leu can be purified from bacterial lipids and that rSP-C33Leu surfactant is active against experimental RDS.
Published inPLoS ONE 2019, volume: 14, number: 12, article number: e0226072
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