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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Diversity and Global Distribution of Viruses of the Western Honey Bee, Apis mellifera

Beaurepaire, Alexis; Piot, Niels; Doublet, Vincent; Antunez, Karina; Campbell, Ewan; Chantawannakul, Panuwan; Chejanovsky, Nor; Gajda, Anna; Heerman, Matthew; Panziera, Delphine; Smagghe, Guy; Yanez, Orlando; de Miranda, Joachim R.; Dalmon, Anne

Abstract

In the past centuries, viruses have benefited from globalization to spread across the globe, infecting new host species and populations. A growing number of viruses have been documented in the western honey bee, Apis mellifera. Several of these contribute significantly to honey bee colony losses. This review synthetizes the knowledge of the diversity and distribution of honey-bee-infecting viruses, including recent data from high-throughput sequencing (HTS). After presenting the diversity of viruses and their corresponding symptoms, we surveyed the scientific literature for the prevalence of these pathogens across the globe. The geographical distribution shows that the most prevalent viruses (deformed wing virus, sacbrood virus, black queen cell virus and acute paralysis complex) are also the most widely distributed. We discuss the ecological drivers that influence the distribution of these pathogens in worldwide honey bee populations. Besides the natural transmission routes and the resulting temporal dynamics, global trade contributes to their dissemination. As recent evidence shows that these viruses are often multihost pathogens, their spread is a risk for both the beekeeping industry and the pollination services provided by managed and wild pollinators.

Keywords

epidemiology; emerging infectious diseases; pathogens; invasive species; social insects; viruses; honey bee health

Published in

Insects
2020, volume: 11, number: 4, article number: 239
Publisher: MDPI

Authors' information

Beaurepaire, Alexis
Agroscope
Piot, Niels
Univ Ghent
Doublet, Vincent
Univ Ulm
Antunez, Karina
Inst Invest Biol Clemente Estable
Campbell, Ewan
Univ Aberdeen
Chantawannakul, Panuwan
Chiang Mai Univ
Chejanovsky, Nor
Volcani Ctr
Gajda, Anna
Warsaw Univ Life Sci
Heerman, Matthew
ARS
Panziera, Delphine
Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg
Smagghe, Guy
Univ Ghent
Yanez, Orlando
Agroscope
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Dalmon, Anne
INRAE

UKÄ Subject classification

Ecology
Microbiology

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11040239

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/106050