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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Slope Position Rather Than Thinning Intensity Affects Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) Community in Chinese Fir Plantations

Xu, Xuelei; Wang, Xinjie; Cleary, Michelle; Wang, Ping; Lu, Nini; Sun, Yujun; Roennberg, Jonas

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play a crucial role in individual plant capability and whole ecosystem sustainability. Chinese fir, one of the most widely planted tree species in southern China, forms associations with AMF. However, it is still unclear what impacts thinning management applied to Chinese fir plantations has on the structure and diversity of soil AMF communities. This research attempts to bridge this knowledge gap. Materials and Methods: A thinning experiment was designed on different slope positions in Chinese fir plantations to examine the impacts of slope position and thinning intensity on colonization, diversity, and community composition of AMF. Results: Our research showed that the altitudinal slope position had significant effects on colonization, diversity, and community composition of AMF in Chinese fir plantations. In addition, the interaction between slope position and thinning intensity had significant effects on AMF diversity. Colonization by AMF on the lower slope position was significantly higher than on the upper slope position, while AMF diversity on the upper slope position was higher than on the middle and lower slope positions. Glomus was the most abundant genus in all slope positions, especially on the middle and lower slope positions. The relative abundance of Diversispora was significantly different among slope positions with absolute dominance on the upper slope position. Scutellospora was uniquely found on the upper slope position. Furthermore, soil Mg and Mn contents and soil temperature positively affected AMF community composition at the operational taxonomic unit (OTU) level. Conclusions: These findings suggested that slope position should be considered in the management of Chinese fir plantations. Furthermore, both chemical fertilization and AMF augmentation should be undertaken on upper hill slope positions as part of sustainable management practices for Chinese fir plantations.

Keywords

slope position; thinning intensity; Chinese fir plantations; arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF); soil properties

Published in

Forests
2020, volume: 11, number: 3, article number: 273
Publisher: MDPI

Authors' information

Xu, Xuelei
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Xu, Xuelei
Beijing Forestry University
Wang, Xinjie
Beijing Forestry Univ
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Wang, Ping
Beijing Forestry Univ
Lu, Nini
Beijing Forestry Univ
Sun, Yujun
Beijing Forestry Univ
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

Associated SLU-program

SLU Network Plant Protection

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/f11030273

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/106436