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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Can Mitogenomes of the Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) Reconstruct Its Phylogeography and Reveal the Origin of Migrant Birds?

Wang, Erjia; Zhang, Dezhi; Braun, Markus Santhosh; Hotz-Wagenblatt, Agnes; Paert, Tomas; Arlt, Debora; Schmaljohann, Heiko; Bairlein, Franz; Lei, Fumin; Wink, Michael

Abstract

The Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe, including the nominate and the two subspecies O. o. leucorhoa and O. o. libanotica) and the Seebohm's Wheatear (Oenanthe seebohmi) are today regarded as two distinct species. Before, all four taxa were regarded as four subspecies of the Northern Wheatear. Their classification has exclusively been based on ecological and morphological traits, while their molecular characterization is still missing. With this study, we used next-generation sequencing to assemble 117 complete mitochondrial genomes covering O. o. oenanthe, O. o. leucorhoa and O. seebohmi. We compared the resolution power of each individual mitochondrial marker and concatenated marker sets to reconstruct the phylogeny and estimate speciation times of three taxa. Moreover, we tried to identify the origin of migratory wheatears caught on Helgoland (Germany) and on Crete (Greece). Mitogenome analysis revealed two different ancient lineages that separated around 400,000 years ago. Both lineages consisted of a mix of subspecies and species. The phylogenetic trees, as well as haplotype networks are incongruent with the present morphology-based classification. Mitogenome could not distinguish these presumed species. The genetic panmixia among present populations and taxa might be the consequence of mitochondrial introgression between ancient wheatear populations.

Published in

Scientific Reports
2020, volume: 10, number: 1, article number: 9290

Authors' information

Wang, Erjia
Heidelberg Univ
Zhang, Dezhi
Chinese Acad Sci
Braun, Markus Santhosh
Heidelberg Univ
Hotz-Wagenblatt, Agnes
Heidelberg Univ
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Schmaljohann, Heiko
Inst Avian Res Vogelwarte Helgoland
Bairlein, Franz
Inst Avian Res Vogelwarte Helgoland
Lei, Fumin
Chinese Acad Sci
Wink, Michael
Heidelberg Univ

UKÄ Subject classification

Evolutionary Biology
Genetics

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66287-0

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/106833