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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Understanding the effect of temperature and time on protein degree of hydrolysis and lipid oxidation during ensilaging of herring (Clupea harengus) filleting co-products

Sajib, Mursalin; Albers, Eva; Langeland, Markus; Undeland, Ingrid


The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of temperature, time and stirring on changes in protein degree of hydrolysis (DH), free amino acids (FAA), lipid oxidation and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) during ensilaging of herring (Clupea harengus) filleting co-products. Results showed that temperature and time, and in some cases the interaction effect between these two factors, significantly influenced all the studied responses. Increasing ensilaging temperature and time from 17 to 37 degrees C and 3 to 7 days, respectively, increased DH, FAA, and TVB-N content from 44.41 to 77.28%, 25.31 to 51.04 mg/g, and 4.73 to 26.25 mg/100 g, respectively. The lipid oxidation marker 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) did not increase with time at temperatures above 22 degrees C, while 2-pentylfuran increased up to 37 degrees C. Based on the process parameters and responses investigated in this study, and considering energy requirements, it was suggested to perform ensilaging at ambient temperatures (i.e. around 20 degrees C) with continuous stirring at 10 rpm for 1-3 days; the exact length being determined by the desired DH.

Published in

Scientific Reports
2020, volume: 10, number: 1, article number: 9590

Authors' information

Sajib, Mursalin
Chalmers Univ Technol
Albers, Eva
Chalmers Univ Technol
Langeland, Markus
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition and Management
Undeland, Ingrid
Chalmers Univ Technol

UKÄ Subject classification

Food Science

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