Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Valuing biodiversity and resilience: an application to pollinator diversity in the Stockholm region

Engstrom, Gustav; Gren, Asa; Li, Chuan-Zhong; Krishnamurthy, Chandra Kiran B.


This paper characterizes the value of biodiversity and ecosystem resilience by formalizing a stochastic dynamic bioeconomic model of pollinator diversity under climate changes, with an application to oil rapeseed production in the Stockholm region of Sweden. It studies the optimal provision of semi-natural habitat for two different pollinator bee species: bumble bees and solitary wild bees. It is found that, despite being less effective, solitary bees hold considerable resilience value due to the differences in how the two species respond to temperature shocks. The paper also discusses the role of spatial aspects, in particular the reduced pollination effectiveness due to spatially uneven allocation of semi-natural habitats. It is found that spatial unevenness leads to an increase in the habitat provision, with an attendant reduction in the resilience value of solitary bees.


climate change; bioeconomic model; semi-natural habitat; pollination service; resilience value

Published in

Spatial Economic Analysis
2020, volume: 15, number: 3, pages: 238-261

Authors' information

Engstrom, Gustav
Royal Swedish Acad Sci
Gren, Asa
Stockholm Univ
Gren, Asa
Royal Swedish Acad Sci
Li, Chuan-Zhong
Sichuan Univ
Li, Chuan-Zhong
Royal Swedish Acad Sci
Li, Chuan-Zhong
Uppsala Univ
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Economics

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG13 Climate action

UKÄ Subject classification

Climate Research

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)