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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

EXAFS Study on the Coordination Chemistry of the Solvated Copper(II) Ion in a Series of Oxygen Donor Solvents

Persson, Ingmar; Lundberg, Daniel; Bajnoczi, Eva G.; Klementiev, Konstantin; Just, Justus; Clauss, Kajsa G. V. Sigfridsson;


The structures of the solvated copper(II) ion in water and nine organic oxygen donor solvents with similar electron-pair donor ability, but with different space-demanding properties at coordination, have been studied by EXAFS. N,N'-Dimethylpropyleneurea and N,N,N',N'-tetramethylurea are sufficiently space demanding at coordination to make the axial positions not accessible, resulting in square-planar copper(II) solvate complexes with an intense green color. The mean Cu-O bond distances in these two solvate complexes are 1.939(3) and 1.935(3) angstrom, respectively. The best fits of the remaining solvates, which are light blue in different hues, are obtained with a Jahn-Teller distorted-octahedral model consisting of four strongly bound solvent molecules in the equatorial positions at 1.96(2) angstrom and two in the axial positions but with different Cu-O-ax bond distances: ca. 2.15 and 2.32 angstrom. This is in agreement with observations in solid-state structures of compounds containing hexaaquacopper(II) complexes crystallizing in noncentrosymmetric space groups and all reported crystal structures containing a [Cu(H2O)(5)(O-ligand)] complex with Jahn-Teller distortion. Such a structure is in agreement with previous EPR and EXAFS studies proving the hydrated copper(II) ion to be a noncentrosymmetric complex in aqueous solution. The refinements of the EXAFS data of the solids [Cu(H2O)(6)](ClO4)(2), [Cu(H2O)(6)] (BrO3)(2), [Cu(H2O)(6)]SiF6, Cu(NO3)(2)center dot 2.5H(2)O, and CuSO4 center dot 5H(2)O gave Cu-O bond distances significantly different from those reported in the crystallographic studies but similar to the configuration and bond distances in the hydrated copper(II) ion in aqueous solution. This may depend on whether the orientation of the axial positions is random in one or three dimensions, giving a mean structure of the solid with symmetry higher than that of the individual complexes. This study presents the very first experimental data from the new X-ray absorption spectroscopy beamline Balder at the MAX IV synchrotron radiation facility in Lund, Sweden, as well as the utilized properties of the beamline.

Published in

Inorganic Chemistry

2020, volume: 59, number: 14, pages: 9538-9550

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Molecular Sciences
Lundberg, Daniel
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Molecular Sciences
Bajnóczi, Éva (Bajnóczi, Éva)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Molecular Sciences
Klementiev, Konstantin
Lund Univ
Just, Justus
Lund Univ
Clauss, Kajsa G. V. Sigfridsson
Lund Univ

UKÄ Subject classification

Inorganic Chemistry

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