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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Surface and Interface Engineering for Nanocellulosic Advanced Materials

Yang, Xianpeng; Biswas, Subir Kumar; Han, Jingquan; Tanpichai, Supachok; Li, Mei-Chun; Chen, Chuchu; Zhu, Sailing; Das, Atanu Kumar; Yano, Hiroyuki;


How do trees support their upright massive bodies? The support comes from the incredibly strong and stiff, and highly crystalline nanoscale fibrils of extended cellulose chains, called cellulose nanofibers. Cellulose nanofibers and their crystalline parts-cellulose nanocrystals, collectively nanocelluloses, are therefore the recent hot materials to incorporate in man-made sustainable, environmentally sound, and mechanically strong materials. Nanocelluloses are generally obtained through a top-down process, during or after which the original surface chemistry and interface interactions can be dramatically changed. Therefore, surface and interface engineering are extremely important when nanocellulosic materials with a bottom-up process are fabricated. Herein, the main focus is on promising chemical modification and nonmodification approaches, aiming to prospect this hot topic from novel aspects, including nanocellulose-, chemistry-, and process-oriented surface and interface engineering for advanced nanocellulosic materials. The reinforcement of nanocelluloses in some functional materials, such as structural materials, films, filaments, aerogels, and foams, is discussed, relating to tailored surface and/or interface engineering. Although some of the nanocellulosic products have already reached the industrial arena, it is hoped that more and more nanocellulose-based products will become available in everyday life in the next few years.


cellulose nanocrystals; cellulose nanofibers; nanocelluloses; reinforcement; surface modification

Published in

Advanced Materials

2021, volume: 33, number: 28, article number: 2002264

Authors' information

Yang, Xianpeng
Kyoto University
Biswas, Subir Kumar
Kyoto University
Han, Jingquan
Nanjing Forestry University
Tanpichai, Supachok
King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi
Li, Mei-Chun
Nanjing Forestry University
Chen, Chuchu
Nanjing Forestry University
Zhu, Sailing
Nanjing Forestry University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology
Yano, Hiroyuki
Kyoto University

UKÄ Subject classification

Materials Chemistry

Publication Identifiers


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