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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Effects of drainage intensity on water and nitrogen use efficiency and rice grain yield in a semi-arid marshland in Rwanda

Tuyishime, Olive; Joel, Abraham; Messing, Ingmar; Naramabuye, Francois; Sankaranarayanan, Muthiah; Wesstrom, Ingrid

Abstract

Drainage management is important in intensification of irrigated paddy rice production. This study assessed the effects of drainage intensity on water and nitrogen use efficiency and rice grain yield in a field experiment conducted during three seasons in Rwanda. The experiment comprised 12 plots with four blocks and three treatments: DS0.6(0.6 m deep drain), DD1(1.2)(1.2 m deep drain, control structure open four times per week), and DD2(1.2)(1.2 m deep drain, control structure open two times per week). Outflow was calculated from water balance. Nitrogen (N) content in drainage water was determined weekly. Crop yield and N uptake were determined in grain and straw. In all seasons, grain yield was 61-131% higher, crop N uptake was 24-90% higher, harvest index (HI) was 24-65% higher and water use efficiency (WUE) was 50-150% higher in treatments DD1(1.2)and DD2(1.2)than in DS0.6. There was a decrease in soil carbon/nitrogen ratio at the end of Seasons 2 and 3. Recirculating straw to fields is thus necessary to replenish SOC for long-term soil fertility. A practical implication of the study is that managed deep drainage systems could enhance water use efficiency and rice grain yield in poorly drained paddy fields.

Keywords

Surface drainage; paddy rice; nutrient losses; rice yield; harvest index

Published in

Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil and Plant Science
2020, volume: 70, number: 7, pages: 578-593

Authors' information

Tuyishime, Olive
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Naramabuye, Francois
University of Rwanda
Sankaranarayanan, Muthiah
University of Rwanda
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment

UKÄ Subject classification

Soil Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710.2020.1817539

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/107779