Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)

Research article2020Peer reviewedOpen access

Impact of the Sediment Organic vs. Mineral Content on Distribution of the Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) in Lake Sediment

Mussabek, Dauren; Persson, Kenneth M.; Berndtsson, Ronny; Ahrens, Lutz; Nakagawa, Kei; Imura, Tomomi


Contamination of the water and sediment with per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) was studied for the lake impacted by the release of PFAS-containing aqueous film forming foam (AFFF). PFAS concentrations were analyzed in lake water and sediment core samples. sigma PFAS concentrations were in the range of 95-100 ng L(-1)in the lake water and 3.0-61 mu g kg(-1)dry weight (dw) in sediment core samples, both dominated by perfluorohexane sulfonate, perfluorooctane sulfonate; 6:2 fluortelomer sulfonate was inconsistently present in water and sediment core samples. The sediment-water partitioning coefficients (logK(d)) were estimated and ranged 0.6-2.3 L kg(-1)for individual perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (PFCAs) and 0.9-5.6 L kg(-1)for individual perfluoroalkane sulfonates (PFSAs). The influence of the sediment inorganic content and organic matter on PFAS distribution was investigated. In studied sediments, the mineral content (corresponding to <5% of the bulk media mass) was mainly represented by sulfur, iron and calcium. The PFAS distribution was found strongly connected to the sediment mineral content (i.e., Fe, Pb, Rb and As), whereas the sediment organic carbon content did not to have a direct influence on the PFAS distribution. The aim of this study was to improve our understanding of the PFAS distribution in the natural heterogeneous media.


PFAS; AFFF; sediment; water; distribution

Published in

International journal of environmental research and public health
2020, Volume: 17, number: 16, article number: 5642
Publisher: MDPI

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Environmental Sciences

    Publication identifier


    Permanent link to this page (URI)