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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Removal of captopril pharmaceutical from synthetic pharmaceutical-industry wastewaters: Use of activated carbon derived from Butia catarinensis

Cunha, Mariene R.; Lima, Eder C.; Lima, Diana R.; da Silva, Raphaelle S.; Thue, Pascal S.; Seliem, Moaaz K.; Sher, Farooq; dos Reis, Glaydson S.; Larsson, Sylvia H.


A high surface area activated carbon was produced from the seed of Butia catarinensis (Bc), which was utilized for removing captopril from synthetic pharmaceutical industry wastewaters. The activated carbon was made by mixing ZnCl2 and Bc at a proportion of 1:1 and pyrolyzed at 600° (ABc-600). The material was characterized by the Boehm titration, hydrophilic/ hydrophobic ratio, elemental analysis, TGA, FTIR, and N2 isotherm (surface area (SBET), total pore volume (TPV), and pore size distribution (PSD)). The characterization data showed that the adsorbent displayed a hydrophilic surface due to the presence of several polar groups. The carbon material presented a TPV of 0.392 cm3 g−1, and SBET of 1267 m2 g−1. The equilibrium and kinetics data were suitably fitted to Liu isotherm and Avrami-fractional-order. The employment of the ABc-600 in the treatment of synthetic pharmaceutical industry wastewater exhibited high effectiveness in their removals (up to 99.0 %).


biomass adsorbent; activated carbon; emerging contaminant; efficient adsorption; mechanism of adsorption

Published in

Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
2020, volume: 8, number: 6, article number: 104506

Authors' information

Cunha, Mariene R.
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
Lima, Eder Claudio
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
Lima, Diana R.
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
da Silva, Raphaelle S.
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
Thue, Pascal S.
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
Seliem, Moaaz K.
Beni-Suef University
Sher, Farooq
Coventry University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG6 Clean water

UKÄ Subject classification

Materials Chemistry
Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)