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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

The fingerprints of climate warming on cereal crops phenology and adaptation options

Fatima, Zartash; Ahmed, Mukhtar; Hussain, Mubshar; Abbas, Ghulam; Ul-Allah, Sami; Ahmad, Shakeel; Ahmed, Niaz; Ali, Muhammad Arif; Sarwar, Ghulam; ul Haque, Ehsan; Iqbal, Pakeeza; Hussain, Sajjad


Growth and development of cereal crops are linked to weather, day length and growing degree-days (GDDs) which make them responsive to the specific environments in specific seasons. Global temperature is rising due to human activities such as burning of fossil fuels and clearance of woodlands for building construction. The rise in temperature disrupts crop growth and development. Disturbance mainly causes a shift in phenological development of crops and affects their economic yield. Scientists and farmers adapt to these phenological shifts, in part, by changing sowing time and cultivar shifts which may increase or decrease crop growth duration. Nonetheless, climate warming is a global phenomenon and cannot be avoided. In this scenario, food security can be ensured by improving cereal production through agronomic management, breeding of climate-adapted genotypes and increasing genetic biodiversity. In this review, climate warming, its impact and consequences are discussed with reference to their influences on phenological shifts. Furthermore, how different cereal crops adapt to climate warming by regulating their phenological development is elaborated. Based on the above mentioned discussion, different management strategies to cope with climate warming are suggested.

Published in

Scientific Reports
2020, Volume: 10, number: 1, article number: 18013

      SLU Authors

    • Ahmed, Mukhtar

      • Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG2 Zero hunger

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Climate Research

    Publication Identifiers


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