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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

A Qualitative Market Analysis Applied to Mini-FLOTAC and Fill-FLOTAC for Diagnosis of Helminth Infections in Ruminants

Maurelli, Maria Paola; Dourado Martins, Oliva Maria; Morgan, Eric R.; Charlier, Johannes; Cringoli, Giuseppe; Mateus, Teresa Letra; Bacescu, Bogdan; Chartier, Christophe; Claerebout, Edwin; de Waal, Theo; Helm, Christina; Hertzberg, Hubertus; Hinney, Barbara; Hoglund, Johan; Kyrianova, Iveta Angela; Mickiewicz, Marcin; Petkevicius, Saulius; Simin, Stanislav; Sotiraki, Smaragda; Tosheska, Marina;
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Helminth infections, mainly by gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN), are one of the main concerns for animal health, welfare and productivity in grazing ruminant livestock worldwide. The use of a sensitive, precise, accurate, low-cost, and easy-to-perform copromicroscopic technique is of pivotal importance to perform reliable fecal egg count (FEC) and fecal egg count reduction test (FECRT), in order to determine the need of anthelmintic treatment, but also anthelmintic efficacy or resistance. This approach is fundamental to a correct and efficient control of GIN. Unfortunately, in worldwide ruminant farm practice, repeated anthelmintic treatments are carried out, without prior diagnosis of infection, contributing to the spread of Anthelmintic Resistance (AR). Tackling this phenomenon, improving mainly the GIN diagnosis and AR status in farm animals, is a priority of the European COST Action "COMBAR-COMBatting Anthelmintic Resistance in Ruminants" and of the STAR-IDAZ International Research Consortium on Animal Health. One of the specific objectives of the COMBAR Working Group 1 (WG1) is to conduct an European market analysis of new diagnostics and develop a business plan for commercial test introduction, leveraging technical know-how of participants. Since the Mini-FLOTAC in combination with the Fill-FLOTAC may be considered a good candidate for a standardized FEC and FECRT in the laboratory, as well as directly in the field, the aim of this study was to conduct SWOT (Strength-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats) and PESTEL (Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal) analyses of these tools in 20 European countries involved in the COMBAR WG1, in order to identify the opportunities, barriers, and challenges that might affect the Mini-FLOTAC and Fill-FLOTAC commercialization in Europe.


Mini-FLOTAC; Fill-FLOTAC; anthelmintic resistance (AR); SWOT analysis; PESTEL analysis

Published in

Frontiers in Veterinary Science

2020, volume: 7, article number: 580649

Authors' information

Maurelli, Maria Paola
University of Naples Federico II
Martins, Oliva Maria Dourado
Polytechnic Institute of Tomar
Morgan, Eric R.
Queens University Belfast
Charlier, Johannes
Cringoli, Giuseppe
University of Naples Federico II
Mateus, Teresa Letra
Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo
Mateus, Teresa Letra
Universidade do Porto
Bacescu, Bogdan
University of Agronomic Science and Veterinary Medicine - Bucharest
Chartier, Christophe
Claerebout, Edwin
Ghent University
de Waal, Theo
University College Dublin
Helm, Christina
Free University of Berlin
Hertzberg, Hubertus
University of Zurich
Hinney, Barbara
University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna
Kyrianova, Iveta Angela
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
Mickiewicz, Marcin
Warsaw University of Life Sciences
Petkevicius, Saulius
Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
Simin, Stanislav
University of Novi Sad
Sotiraki, Smaragda
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