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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Burn severity and soil chemistry are weak drivers of early vegetation succession following a boreal mega-fire in a production forest landscape

Gustafsson, Lena; Granath, Gustaf; Nohrstedt, Hans-Orjan; Leverkus, Alexandro B.; Johansson, Victor

Abstract

Questions Do burn severity and soil chemistry drive species and trait composition on recently burned clear-cuttings? Does the spatial distribution of common, easily dispersed colonizers vary with distance to fire perimeter?Location A 13,000 ha production forest landscape in boreal southern Sweden burned in a wildfire in 2014.Methods Vascular plants and bryophytes were recorded in permanent plots on clear-cuts two and five years following fire, covering a burn severity gradient. Soil carbon content (reflecting burn severity), pH and nutrients were measured at plot level. Trait data were retrieved from the BIEN and LEDA databases and analyzed using community-weighted mean (CWM) trait values. Statistical analyses included generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs), non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) and multivariate ANOVA.Results Low burn severity resulted in higher frequency of legacy species (e.g. Vaccinium myrtillus), while high burn severity facilitated colonizing species (e.g. Senecio sylvaticus). Vegetation varied with soil chemistry, expressed through pH. Species composition changed between years and deviated from unburned clear-cuts. After five years the most common taxa on burned plots were the vascular plants Chamaenerion angustifolium, Betula spp. and Populus tremula and the bryophytes Ceratodon purpureus and Polytrichum juniperinum. CWM specific leaf area (SLA) decreased markedly with time and root buds increased with total carbon content in the soil (i.e., toward less severely burned plots), while soil pH was not associated with any studied trait. Chamaenerion angustifolium decreased with distance to the fire perimeter, while Ceratodon purpureus increased.Conclusions Burn severity and soil pH weakly drive vegetation dynamics in the early phase following fire on clear-cuts, indicating a large influence of stochastic processes. Deciduous trees are common already after five years and their further expansion will affect light and nutrient availability. To understand future vegetation trajectories on burned clear-cuts, studies need to incorporate the light factor and links between tree species' identity and soil nutrient availability.

Keywords

bryophyte; Chamaenerion angustifolium; clear‐cut; disturbance; fire; production forest; Senecio sylvaticus; succession; Sweden; traits; Vaccinium; vascular plant; vegetation

Published in

Journal of Vegetation Science
2021, volume: 32, number: 1, article number: e12966
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Granath, Gustaf
Uppsala University
Nohrstedt, Hans-Örjan
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Leverkus, Alexandro B.
University of Granada
Johansson, Victor
Stockholm Univ

UKÄ Subject classification

Ecology

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12966

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/109377