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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Fecal Microbiota in Untreated Children With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Comparison With Healthy Children and Healthy Siblings

Öman, Anders; Dicksved, Johan; Engstrand, Lars; Berntson, Lillemor


Objective Changes in the composition of gut microbiota have been suggested to be associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The objective in this study was to investigate if the diversity and composition of the fecal microbiota differed between children with JIA and healthy controls (HCs), and if the microbiota differed between children with JIA and their healthy siblings.

Methods In this multicenter, case-control study, fecal samples were collected from 75 children with JIA and 32 HCs. Eight of the HCs were siblings to 8 children with JIA, and they were compared only pairwise with their siblings. The microbiota was determined using sequencing amplicons from the V3 and V4 regions of the 16S rRNA gene. Alpha diversity, community composition of microbiota, and relative abundances of taxa were compared between children with JIA and healthy unrelated controls as well as between children with JIA and healthy siblings.

Results Our data revealed no significant differences in α-diversity or community composition of microbiota between children with JIA, healthy unrelated controls, or healthy siblings. Analyses of relative abundances of phyla, families, and genera identified trends of differing abundances of some taxa in children with JIA, in comparison with both HCs and healthy siblings, but none of these findings were significant after adjustment for multiple comparisons.

Conclusion There were no significant differences in the composition of fecal microbiota in children with JIA compared with HCs. The composition of microbiota in children with JIA did not differ significantly from that in their healthy siblings.


case-control studies; child:gastrointestinal microbiome:humans; juvenile arthritis; siblings

Published in

Journal of Rheumatology
2021, Volume: 48, number: 10, pages: 1589-1595

    SLU Authors

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Microbiology in the medical area
    Rheumatology and Autoimmunity

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