Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021
Conservation of a native dairy cattle breed through terminal crossbreeding with commercial dairy breedsClasen, J. B.; Kargo, M.; Fikse, W. F.; Strandberg, E.; Wallenbeck, A.; Ostergaard, S.; Rydhmer, L.
AbstractFarmers play a key role in conserving native livestock breeds, but without economic support, farms with native breeds may not be viable. We hypothesized that terminal crossbreeding can improve herd economy and decrease the economic support needed from society. Three scenarios were simulated using SimHerd Crossbred: a herd of purebred Swedish Polled Cattle, a herd of purebred Swedish Red, and a herd of 75% Swedish Polled Cattle and 25% F1 crossbreds. The results showed annual contribution margin per cow in the herd can be increased by euro181 by crossbreeding compared with pure-breeding with the native breed, giving a 13.6% growth in contribution margin. However, the needed cost in subsidies paid by the government will remain unchanged if the population size of the native breed is to be maintained. Combining a crossbreeding strategy with the marketing of niche products may facilitate the conservation of native cattle.
KeywordsCrossbreeding; native breeds; dairy cattle; conservation
Published inActa Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A - Animal Science
2021, volume: 70, number: 1, pages: 1-12
Danish Agr and Food Council
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Environment and Health
UKÄ Subject classification
Animal and Dairy Science
URI (permanent link to this page)