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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Development of fibre properties in mill scale high-and low consistency refining of thermomechanical pulp (Part 1)

Ferritsius, Rita; Sandberg, Christer; Ferritsius, Olof; Rundlof, Mats; Daniel, Geoffrey; Morseburg, Kathrin; Fernando, Dinesh


The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in fibre properties with high (HC)- and low consistency (LC) refining of TMP and determine how these contribute to tensile index. Two process configurations, one with only HC refining and another with HC refining followed by LC refining were evaluated in three TMP mainline processes in two mills using Norway spruce. An increase in tensile index for a given applied specific energy was similar for all LC refiners in the three lines, despite differences in the fibre property profiles of the feed pulps. Compared with only HC refined pulps at a given tensile index, HC+LC refined pulps had greater fibre wall thickness, similar fibre length, strain at break and freeness, but lower light scattering coefficient, fibre curl and external fibrillation. The degree of internal fibrillation, determined by Simons' stain measurements, was similar for both configurations at a given tensile index. The results indicate that the increase in tensile index in LC refining is largely influenced by a decrease in fibre curl and in HC refining by peeling of the fibre walls. Compared at a given tensile index, the shive content (Somerville mass fraction) was similar for both HC+LC and HC refining.


fibre properties; high consistency refining; low consistency refining; specific energy; TMP

Published in

Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal
2020, volume: 35, number: 4, pages: 589-599

Authors' information

Ferritsius, Rita
Mid-Sweden University
Sandberg, Christer
Mid-Sweden University
Ferritsius, Olof
Mid-Sweden University
Rundlöf, Mats
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology
Mörseburg, Kathrin
Paper and Fibre Research Institute
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology

UKÄ Subject classification

Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology

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