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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Mechanochemical feedback mediates tissue bending required for seedling emergence

Jonsson, Kristoffer; Lathe, Rahul S.; Kierzkowski, Daniel; Routier-Kierzkowska, Anne-Lise; Hamant, Olivier; Bhalerao, Rishikesh P.

Abstract

Tissue bending is vital to plant development, as exemplified by apical hook formation during seedling emergence by bending of the hypocotyl. How tissue bending is coordinated during development remains poorly understood, especially in plants where cells are attached via rigid cell walls. Asymmetric distribution of the plant hormone auxin underlies differential cell elongation during apical hook formation. Yet the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate spatial correlation between asymmetric auxin distribution, methylesterified homogalacturonan (HG) pectin, and mechanical properties of the epidermal layer of the hypocotyl in Arabidopsis. Genetic and cell biological approaches show that this mechanochemical asymmetry is essential for differential cell elongation. We show that asymmetric auxin distribution underlies differential HG methylesterification, and conversely changes in HG methylesterification impact the auxin response domain. Our results suggest that a positive feedback loop between auxin distribution and HG methylesterification underpins asymmetric cell wall mechanochemical properties to promote tissue bending and seedling emergence.

Published in

Current Biology
2021, volume: 31, number: 6, pages: 1154-1164

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology
Lathe, Rahul Shivanand
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology
Kierzkowski, Daniel
University of Montreal
Routier-Kierzkowska, Anne-Lise
University of Montreal
Hamant, Olivier
Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology

UKÄ Subject classification

Plant Biotechnology
Developmental Biology

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.12.016

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/109975