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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

Healthy Ecosystems Are a Prerequisite for Human Health-A Call for Action in the Era of Climate Change with a Focus on Russia

Orlov, Dmitry; Menshakova, Marija; Thierfelder, Tomas; Zaika, Yulia; Bohme, Sepp; Evengard, Birgitta; Pshenichnaya, Natalia


Throughout history, humans have experienced epidemics. The balance of living in nature encircled by microorganisms is delicate. More than 70% of today's emerging infections are zoonotic, i.e., those in which microorganisms transmitted from animals infect humans. Species are on the move at speeds never previously recorded, among ongoing climate change which is especially rapid at high latitudes. This calls for intensified international surveillance of Northern infectious diseases. Russia holds the largest area of thawing permafrost among Northern nations, a process which threatens to rapidly disrupt the balance of nature. In this paper, we provide details regarding Russian health infrastructure in order to take the first steps toward a collaborative international survey of Northern infections and international harmonization of the procured data.


zoonotic diseases; climate change; Arctic; Russia; health care system

Published in

International journal of environmental research and public health
2020, volume: 17, number: 22, article number: 8453
Publisher: MDPI

Authors' information

Orlov, Dmitry
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Menshakova, Marija
Murmansk Arctic State University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology
Zaika, Yulia
Russian Academy of Sciences
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology
Evengard, Birgitta
Umea University

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG3 Good health and well-being

UKÄ Subject classification

Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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