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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2020

HY5 and phytochrome activity modulate shoot-to-root coordination during thermomorphogenesis in Arabidopsis

Gaillochet, Christophe; Burko, Yogev; Platre, Matthieu Pierre; Zhang, Ling; Simura, Jan; Willige, Bjoern C.; Kumar, S. Vinod; Ljung, Karin; Chory, Joanne; Busch, Wolfgang


Temperature is one of the most impactful environmental factors to which plants adjust their growth and development. Although the regulation of temperature signaling has been extensively investigated for the aerial part of plants, much less is known and understood about how roots sense and modulate their growth in response to fluctuating temperatures. Here, we found that shoot and root growth responses to high ambient temperature are coordinated during early seedling development in Arabidopsis. A shoot signaling module that includes HY5, the phytochromes and the PIFs exerts a central function in coupling these growth responses and maintaining auxin levels in the root. In addition to the HY5/PIF-dependent shoot module, a regulatory axis composed of auxin biosynthesis and auxin perception factors controls root responses to high ambient temperature. Taken together, our findings show that shoot and root developmental responses to temperature are tightly coupled during thermomorphogenesis and suggest that roots integrate energy signals with local hormonal inputs.


Root development; Temperature; Thermomorphogenesis; Phytochromes; HY5; Arabidopsis

Published in

2020, Volume: 147, number: 24, article number: dev192625