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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Green bridges in a re-colonizing landscape: Wolves (Canis lupus) in Brandenburg, Germany

Plaschke, Mike; Bhardwaj, Manisha; Koenig, Hannes J.; Wenz, Elena; Dobias, Kornelia; Ford, Adam T.


Gray wolves (Canis lupus) are recolonizing many parts of central Europe and are a key part of international conservation directives. However, roads may hinder the reestablishment of gray wolves throughout their historic range by reducing landscape connectivity and increasing mortality from wildlife-vehicle collisions. The impact of roads on wolves might be mitigated by the construction of green bridges (i.e., large vegetated overpasses, designed to accommodate the movement of wildlife over transportation corridors). In this study, we investigated the seasonal and diurnal use of a green bridge by wolves and three of their main prey species: red deer (Cervus elaphus), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), and wild boar (Sus scrofa). We found that all four species used the green bridge. Wolves were most active in winter, whereas prey species were most active in spring and summer. All species were more active at dusk and during the night than at dawn and during the day. We found no evidence that wolf presence influenced bridge-use by prey species, consistent with other tests of the prey-trap hypothesis. Our results suggest that green bridges are used by wolves and prey species alike, and may foster connectivity and recolonization for these species in rewilding landscapes.


Canis lupus; connectivity; habitat fragmentation; human-wildlife conflict; predator-prey dynamics; recolonization; road ecology; wildlife corridors; wildlife monitoring

Published in

Conservation science and practice
2021, volume: 3, number: 3, article number: e00364
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Plaschke, Mike
Leibniz Zentrum fur Agrarlandschaftsforschung (ZALF)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Koenig, Hannes J.
Leibniz Zentrum fur Agrarlandschaftsforschung (ZALF)
Wenz, Elena
Leibniz Zentrum fur Agrarlandschaftsforschung (ZALF)
Dobiáš, Kornelia
Landeskompetenzzentrum Forst Eberswalde LFE
Ford, Adam T.
University of British Columbia

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

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