Skip to main content
Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Potential natural polymer-based nanofibres for the development of facemasks in countering viral outbreaks

Shanmugam, Vigneshwaran; Babu, Karthik; Garrison, Thomas F.; Capezza, Antonio J.; Olsson, Richard T.; Ramakrishna, Seeram; Hedenqvist, Mikael S.; Singha, Shuvra; Bartoli, Mattia; Giorcelli, Mauro; Sas, Gabriel; Forsth, Michael; Das, Oisik; Restas, Agoston; Berto, Filippo


The global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has rapidly increased the demand for facemasks as a measure to reduce the rapid spread of the pathogen. Throughout the pandemic, some countries such as Italy had a monthly demand of ca. 90 million facemasks. Domestic mask manufacturers are capable of manufacturing 8 million masks each week, although the demand was 40 million per week during March 2020. This dramatic increase has contributed to a spike in the generation of facemask waste. Facemasks are often manufactured with synthetic materials that are non-biodegradable, and their increased usage and improper disposal are raising environmental concerns. Consequently, there is a strong interest for developing biodegradable facemasks made with for example, renewable nanofibres. A range of natural polymer-based nanofibres has been studied for their potential to be used in air filter applications. This review article examines potential natural polymer-based nanofibres along with their filtration and antimicrobial capabilities for developing biodegradable facemask that will promote a cleaner production.


biodegradable; electrospinning; fibers

Published in

Journal of Applied Polymer Science
2021, volume: 138, number: 27, article number: e50658
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Shanmugam, Vigneshwaran
Saveetha Institute of Medical And Technical Sciences
Babu, Karthik
Centurion University of Technology and Management
Garrison, Thomas F.
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM)
Capezza Villa, Antonio José (Capezza Villa, Antonio José)
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Capezza Villa, Antonio José (Capezza Villa, Antonio José)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding
Olsson, Richard T.
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Ramakrishna, Seeram
National University of Singapore
Hedenqvist, Mikael S.
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Singha, Shuvra
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Bartoli, Mattia
Politecnico di Torino
Giorcelli, Mauro
Politecnico di Torino
Sas, Gabriel
Luleå University of Technology
Försth, Michael
Luleå University of Technology
Das, Oisik
Luleå University of Technology
Restás, Ágoston
National University of Public Service
Berto, Filippo
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

UKÄ Subject classification

Polymer Technologies

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)