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Research article2006Peer reviewed

In vitro regeneration of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) from seedling cotyledon and hypocotyl explants

Were BA, Gudu S, Onkware AO, Carlsson AS, Welander M


The goal of this study was to develop an efficient regeneration protocol to be used for genetic transformation of sesame. Published regeneration methods using benzyladenine (BA) and 1-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) were unsuccessful for the cultivars used herein. Experiments were carried out using cotyledon and hypocotyl explants from the cultivar Mtwara-2. Later the optimised culture conditions were used to investigate the regeneration response of different genotypes. There was significant interaction between hormone treatments and macronutrients for shoot and root regeneration. Results also showed that shoot regeneration was significantly influenced by explant type. Shoots were only obtained from cotyledons whereas both cotyledons and hypocotyls could produce roots. Modified Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with N6 macronutrients resulted in twice the shoot regeneration frequency obtained with 1/2 MS macronutrients in the presence of thidiazuron (TDZ). The shoot regeneration frequency was significantly reduced when BA was used in place of TDZ. On shoot regeneration medium containing BA and NAA, only roots were formed. Replacing NAA with indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) greatly improved the regeneration of shoots. The optimum growth regulator combination for shoot regeneration was 20 mu M TDZ together with 2.5 mu M IAA, which gave a frequency of 63% and 4.4 shoots per regenerating explant for the best cultivar Ex-El. Genotypic differences were significant both for the number of explants regenerating shoots and the number of shoots produced per regenerating explant


adventitious shoots; explant type; genotype; medium composition

Published in

Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
2006, Volume: 85, number: 2, pages: 235-239
Publisher: SPRINGER

      SLU Authors

    • Carlsson, Anders

      • Department of Crop Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Welander, Margareta

        • Department of Crop Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Agricultural Science
      Food Science

      Publication identifier


      Permanent link to this page (URI)