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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Farming under irrigation management transfer scheme and its impact on yield and net returns in Ghana

Owusu-Sekyere, Enoch; Bibariwiah, Cindy; Owusu, Victor; Donkor, Emmanuel


This article analyses smallholder irrigation management transfer (IMT) scheme participation and its impacts on yield and net farm returns of rice farmers in northern Ghana. We apply the endogenous switching regression and control function approaches to account for both observed and unobserved policy-relevant drivers of farmers' decision to participate in IMT and potential endogeneity. Our results show that farmers' participation in the IMT scheme can enhance their rice yields by 39.56 % and net farm returns by 24.52 % in Ghana. The increased in yield and net returns are linked to the perceived improvement in water supply and availability of water at critical stages of production as well as personal, farm, institutional and location characteristics. Farmers' decision to operate under IMT schemes are influenced by both observed and unobserved drivers. Large scale rice production tends to be viable under IMT schemes. We discuss the policy implications of IMT scheme participation and recommend succinct policies based on its impact on the welfare of smallholder farmers in developing countries.


Ghana; Impact assessment; Irrigation management transfer; Yield; Net returns

Published in

Land Use Policy
2021, volume: 102

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics
University of the Free State
Bibariwiah, Cindy
Kwame Nkrumah University Science and Technology
Owusu, Victor
Kwame Nkrumah University Science and Technology
Donkor, Emmanuel
Humboldt University of Berlin

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG10 Reduced inequalities
SDG16 Peace, justice and strong institutions

UKÄ Subject classification

Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Agricultural Science

Publication Identifiers


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