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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Redistribution of Zn towards light-density fractions and potentially mobile phases in a long-term manure-amended clayey soil

Formentini, Thiago A.; Basile-Doelsch, Isabelle; Legros, Samuel; Borschneck, Daniel; Venzon, Julia S.; Pinheiro, Adilson; Fernandes, Cristovao V. S.; Mallmann, Fabio J. K.; da Veiga, Milton; Doelsch, Emmanuel


Zinc (Zn) occurs naturally in soils, but spreading Zn-rich livestock manure on agricultural soils may lead to hazardous Zn levels. Interactions between exogenous Zn (from animal manure) and the soil matrix must be assessed to predict its behavior. We conducted soil density fractionation using sodium polytungstate solutions (LST) to isolate and identify the soil constituents and investigated their associations with Zn within five density fractions by characterizing the total organic carbon (TOC), mineralogy and Zn speciation. We analyzed a clayey Hapludox soil from a field experiment that had received pig slurry applications over an 11-year period, causing a 2-fold increase in the Zn concentration within the 0-5 cm layer relative to the control soil. Two density fractions with contrasting compositions were found: (i) a light fraction (<1.9 g cm(-3)), which accounted for only similar to 5% of the bulk soil mass but contained the highest OM concentration; and (ii) a mineral-rich fraction (2.5-2.7 g cm(-3)), which had a low OM concentration but accounted for similar to 80% of the soil mass. Zn in the control soil (no pig slurry application) was mostly (79.6%) in the mineral-rich fraction. Pig slurry applications increased the amount of Zn extracted by the fractionation solution to 16.6% and Zn in the organic-rich fraction to 13.2%, although the Zn in the mineral-rich fraction was still dominant (57.3%). The fraction extracted by the fractionation solution, the <1.9 g cm(-3) fraction and the 2.5-2.7 g cm(-3) fraction each accounted for roughly a third of the pig slurry-borne Zn in the amended soil. The results showed that 11 years of Zn-rich livestock manure application caused partial depletion of the clay sorption capacity of the soil, with the potential occurrence of Zn leaching in association with light density soil phases.


Heavy metal; Soil contamination; Agricultural recycling; Pig slurry

Published in

2021, volume: 394, article number: 115044
Publisher: ELSEVIER

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Formentini, Thiago Augusto (Formentini, Thiago)
Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM)
Basile-Doelsch, Isabelle
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD)
Legros, Samuel
Universite de Montpellier
Borschneck, Daniel
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD)
Venzon, Julia S.
Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB)
Pinheiro, Adilson
Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB)
Fernandes, Cristovao V. S.
Universidade Federal do Parana
Mallmann, Fabio J. K.
Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM)
da Veiga, Milton
Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina (UNOESC)
Doelsch, Emmanuel
Universite de Montpellier

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG12 Responsible consumption and production

UKÄ Subject classification

Soil Science

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