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Research article2021Peer reviewedOpen access

Characterization of the Resistance to Powdery Mildew and Leaf Rust Carried by the Bread Wheat Cultivar Victo

Desiderio, Francesca; Bourras, Salim; Mazzucotelli, Elisabetta; Rubiales, Diego; Keller, Beat; Cattivelli, Luigi; Vale, Giampiero


Leaf rust and powdery mildew are two important foliar diseases in wheat. A recombinant inbred line (RIL) population, obtained by crossing two bread wheat cultivars ('Victo' and 'Spada'), was evaluated for resistance to the two pathogens at seedling stage. Upon developing a genetic map of 8726 SNP loci, linkage analysis identified three resistance Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs), with 'Victo' contributing the resistant alleles to all loci. One major QTL ( was detected in response to Blumeria graminis on chromosome 7A, which explained 90% of phenotypic variation (PV). The co-positional relationship with known powdery mildew (Pm) resistance loci suggested that a new source of resistance was identified in T. aestivum. Two QTLs were detected in response to Puccinia triticina: a major gene on chromosome 5D (, explaining a total PV of about 59%, and a minor QTL on chromosome 2B ( A positional relationship was observed between the with the known Lr1 gene, but polymorphisms were found between the cloned Lr1 and the corresponding 'Victo' allele, suggesting that could represent a new functional Lr1 allele. Lastly, upon anchoring the QTL on the T. aestivum reference genome, candidate genes were hypothesized on the basis of gene annotation and in silico gene expression analysis.


Triticum aestivum; powdery mildew; leaf rust; molecular marker; QTL

Published in

International Journal of Molecular Sciences
2021, Volume: 22, number: 6, article number: 3109
Publisher: MDPI

    Associated SLU-program

    SLU Plant Protection Network

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

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