- Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Dominguez, Pia Guadalupe; Donev, Evgeniy; Derba-Maceluch, Marta; Bunder, Anne; Hedenstrom, Mattias; Tomaskova, Ivana; Mellerowicz, Ewa J.; Niittyla, Totte
Despite the ecological and industrial importance of biomass accumulation in wood, the control of carbon (C) allocation to this tissue and to other tree tissues remain poorly understood. We studied sucrose synthase (SUS) to clarify its role in biomass formation and C metabolism at the whole tree level in hybrid aspen (Populus tremula x tremuloides). To this end, we analysed source leaves, phloem, developing wood, and roots ofSUSRNAitrees using a combination of metabolite profiling,(13)CO(2)pulse labelling experiments, and long-term field experiments. The glasshouse grownSUSRNAitrees exhibited a mild stem phenotype together with a reduction in wood total C. The(13)CO(2)pulse labelling experiments showed an alteration in the C flow in all the analysed tissues, indicating that SUS affects C metabolism at the whole tree level. This was confirmed when theSUSRNAitrees were grown in the field over a 5-yr period; their stem height, diameter and biomass were substantially reduced. These results establish that SUS influences C allocation to developing wood, and that it affects C metabolism at the whole tree level.
C-13 labelling; aspen; biomass; carbon allocation; Populus; sucrose synthase
2021, Volume: 229, number: 1, pages: 186-198