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Research article2021Peer reviewed

A model to predict the kinetics of mass loss in wood during thermo-vacuum modification

Allegretti, Ottaviano; Cuccui, Ignazia; Terziev, Nasko; Sorini, Laerte


Mass loss (ML) of wood caused by thermal degradation is one of the most important features of the thermal treatments and referred to as an indicator of intensity and quality of the process. The ML is proportional to the quantity of the effective heat power exchanged during the treatment process, represented by the area of the temperature profile versus time during the process. In this paper a model for the ML prediction based on the relative area was discussed. The model proposed an analytical solution to take into account the non-linear trend of ML when plotted versus temperature and time as observed in isothermal experiments. The model was validated comparing calculated and measured final ML of samples treated during thermal modification tests with different temperature profiles. The results showed that the relative area calculated in a transformed time-temperature space improves the correlation with the measured ML.


mass loss kinetics; relative area; thermal modification; thermo vacuum process; wood

Published in

2021, Volume: 75, number: 5, pages: 474-479